Abbreviation is a Latin word and means "Short." It is used to shorten the word or even a phrase.
Some of the abbreviations consist of only initial letters and some of the only parts of words. Using them, has a long history, beginning from Ancient Greece and Rome. They were used to save time or space on the paper and even for some secrecy.
Nowadays, in modern philological history, abbreviations are quite widely used. Often, they are made by cutting off the last part of the word.
Abbreviations are often confused with crasis, acronyms, initialisms, or contractions. But in reality, they differ. An abbreviation is a process of shortening a word by any method. Contraction is drawing together the parts of the word in order to make it shorter (mostly first and last letters). So yes, contraction is an abbreviation, but the abbreviation is not always a contraction.
When abbreviating the word, the first letter should always be Capital, and other several followed ones should be lower letters. For example, the word Doctor – will be abbreviated as Dr. However, when abbreviating the phrases, all letters should be capitalized. For example, year-to-date will be YTD.
This is the list of abbreviations most widely used in texting:
- OK – Okay
- ROFL – Rolling on the floor laughing
- LMK – Let me know
- ILY – I love you
- OFC – Of course
- SMH – Somehow
- YOLO –You only live once
- FYI – For your information